вторник, 22 марта 2022 г.

Yahoo gp transport drawings

In the new stone age, hunting weapons, bows, and traps were improved. People learned to weave baskets from branches and build dams on rivers to prevent the passage of fish, to make boats, hollowing them out of tree trunks, and, probably, to build rafts. In the northern regions, such a convenient device as skis appears. Utensils of people, their tools, thanks to new methods of processing material, become more perfect. Things take on a beautiful appearance, their shapes correspond to their purpose. For example, the inhabitants of the ocean coasts of Asia and North America, using the simplest tools, could make leather-covered boats that did not let water through. Sitting in such a boat, the walrus hunter became so attached to it, fastening the upper leather cover around the belt, that, having turned over, the boat did not scoop up water and could take its original position.

The life of non-settled people is modest. Nomadic hunters could not have heavy utensils, their dwellings had to be light, like yurts and huts. Before the advent of pack and draft animals, everything had to be carried on oneself. Settled farmers and pastoralists, if the land around was fertile, lived in one place for a long time - for centuries. Of course, they continued to hunt, fish, gather berries, as the peasants of all countries did many centuries later and as the villagers do now. In the conditions of a sedentary life, it is possible to build strong houses from clay bricks, dried in the sun, from wood or stone.


It was the transition to a settled state that brought to life such an art form as architecture.

At first, the dwellings were round, like hunters' huts. But it was more convenient to build houses of a rectangular plan from bricks and straight tree trunks. If the family grew, they made an extension. Stoves for heating and cooking appeared in the houses, with the help of special chimneys they learned how to remove smoke outside. Furniture also appeared - tables, benches, simple chairs. In the East, where there were few trees, benches along the walls were made of clay.

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