вторник, 8 марта 2022 г.


The development of labor skills, the ability to think, to plan their activities allowed these people to adapt to life in different climatic conditions. They lived in the cold regions of Northern China and Europe, in the tropics of the island of Java, the steppes of Africa. During the existence of the "rectified man" the ice age began. Due to the formation of glaciers, the level of the World Ocean dropped, land “bridges” arose between previously separated water areas, through which people were able to penetrate, for example, to the island of Java, where the first bones of Pithecanthropus were found.

The camps were located along the banks of rivers and lakes, in places where large herds of animals lived. Pithecanthropes sometimes lived in caves, but not in the depths, where it was dangerous, but at the exit. Bold hunters, whose prey was large and strong animals, drove herds of deer, bulls, elephants to cliffs, ravines or gorges, where they killed them with spears and stones. The spoils were divided among all. Primitive people began to use fire, which warmed them, protected them from animals and helped them hunt. On the fire they began to cook food that was previously eaten raw. Hunting for large animals, protection from dangers, relocation to new territories - all this required the combined efforts of many people. Their teams had to be sufficiently numerous and cohesive. The complication of the way of life led to the fact that the elders began to teach the younger ones, and teenagers stayed longer than before with their parents and relatives. These people already knew how to speak. And yet, both their physical development and the development of culture went very slowly: Pithecanthropes, like the tools they created, almost unchanged, existed for about 1 million years. 

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